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Orthodontics is a dental specialty dealing with malpositioned teeth and the jaws. Also called orthodontia and dentofacial orthopedics, orthodontics works by using appliances called dental braces for a temporary period of time that help your teeth move to the right position by aligning and straightening them.
Improperly positioned teeth cause tooth decay as it is sometimes impossible for a person to brush them completely. It also increases the risk of head, neck, shoulder, and back pain as the results of more pressure on chewing muscles.
Disorderly teeth prevent lips from properly getting closed and may cause breathing and speaking problems. With malpositioned teeth, your smile and appearance are negatively affected and you feel less self-confidence.
Are you a good candidate for orthodontics?
If you face one of the problems mentioned above, your dentist advises you to visit an orthodontist. Your orthodontist is the right person who determines whether you need this treatment and if positive, what type of it. You’re a candidate if:
- You have noticeable gaps between your teeth
- You have crooked teeth
- You suffer from malocclusion and crossbite
- Your dental midline is shifted
- You are suffering from crowding (not enough room for teeth to fit within the jaws).
How is orthodontic procedure performed?
After visiting the orthodontist, they ask you to have dental x-ray, plaster model of your teeth, dental photographs, and a clinical exam. Using these prerequisites, your orthodontist determines the duration of your treatment and the type of your devices. Then, your dental devices are put in your mouth and tightened and fixed in place. Regular visits are needed afterward in order for your dentist to check the progression of your treatment. When your dentist approves, your treatment is over and the devices are removed.
What types of appliances are used in orthodontics?
Appliances fall into two categories: fixed and removable. Depending on the case, orthodontists recommend one of them. Fixed appliances are braces, special appliances, and fixed space maintainers. Removable appliances are aligners, removable space maintainers, jaw repositioning appliances, lip and cheek bumpers, palatal expander, removable retainers, and headgear. There is a kind of transparent braces known as clear aligners or Invisalign aligners that have the same function as regular braces but are invisible and are more comfortable and better-fitting.
How to take care of braces and other orthodontic devices?
Except for regular visits and cleaning your teeth, which is really important, there is no other special care. If you desire to have good and healthy teeth after your treatment, make sure that you brush them carefully after each meal and before going to bed. Floss at least once a day.
What are the common risks of orthodontics?
- If you do not clean the parts of your teeth that are under the wires, the risk of decay increases (dental hygiene problems).
- After a while, your teeth may misalign themselves again (relapse).
- Dental braces and wires may hurt your cheeks and gums traumatically, like mouth ulcers (soft tissue injury).
Orthodontics in Iran
Orthodontics is not only offered as a cosmetic treatment in Iran, but also as a medical-dental treatment for prevention of oral disease. There are experienced orthodontists in Iran working at different dental clinics in Iran, especially in the major cities of Tehran, Mashhad, Isfahan, Shiraz, Tabriz, and Kish Island.
Orthodontic treatment cost in Iran
Like other treatments, the price of orthodontics is much more affordable in Iran than in other countries. For instance, an average set of metal braces in Iran costs … while in India it costs $2,500 to $3,000, in the U.S. $5,000 to $6,000, and in the U.K. $3,500 to £5,500.
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